I am 7 weeks into recovery from a 6 hour shoulder surgery. I had a procedure called a laterjet. It is the procedure that is pretty much what you do when all else fails with a loose shoulder. I took a really bad digger over the bars once and dislocated my shoulder. From then on it dislocated really really easy. I could and did on several ocasions actually dislocate it by simply putting on a t-shirt. I eventually had surgery where they put a screw through my ligament to hold it to the bone. Well, another jump coming up short tore that procedure all to hell and the doc said that there was really nothing else he could do because the inside of my shoulder was just frayed all to hell. So I sold my bike and started riding street bikes. Eight years later, I'm buying a dirtbike for my son and start talking to the guy selling it to me about my shoulder. He had the same prob and went to one of the nations top shoulder surgeons in Houston and he was able to give him stability again. So, my wife contacted the Dr. We flew to Houston consulted with him and he assured me that he could help me. So, we scheduled the surgery and I'm now 5 weeks from being able to ride again. I already bought a bike and all of my gear except pants and jersey. I can't wait.
The Laterjet utilizes a bone block and an extra ligament. They basically cut off a piece of bone from another area in your shoulder where it isn't needed. Then they screw it in just outside the shoulder socket. It basically uses bone to block the arm from slipping out. They also take a ligament that is also in your shoulder, that my surgeon said is basically a spare and serves no purpose, and reattach it to the arm and shoulder socket. This keeps tension pulling the arm in to socket, the same way tie-down keep tension on a bike. So, between the new ligament and the bone block, you're pretty much cured from dislocating it again from normal activity.